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Indian Crafts >> Tribal Craft Of Darjeeling
Tribal Craft Of Darjeeling
History of Tribal Craft Of Darjeeling

High up in the hills, close to the mystic Himalayas, lies the abode of lightening. Dorje - Ling or Darjeeling, queen of hill stations. A land whose scenic beauty is only rivaled by its wealth of culture, of art and craft treasures that are different from any other in the land.
Fine Art
Colourful woven aprons, knitted garments, multicoloured table mats, carved wooden tables, copper jugs, decorative bamboo work, hill jewellery, kalimpong handbags and paintings and lots of other beautiful products come from Darjeeling.The well-organised and competently built and decorated houses of the tribals are some of the examples of their traditional culture. Painted tankas, colourful woven and knitted aprons and garments, copper and brass ware of fascinating variety with beautiful repousse work on them, intricately carved wooden trays and low tables (Tokchi). And incredibly imaginative range of carved wooden marks, decorative bamboo with lacquer works, charming hill jewellery, patchwork create such magic in baskets, fruit baskets, flower-pot holders, and paintings of kalimpong carpets and rugs are the upholders of centuries old tradition.
Procedure
The hills of Darjeeling preserve a wealth of arts and crafts replete with the charming colour and popular motifs of the region.Carpet weaving is the most important craft handled by this centre. Carpets, generally of size 6x3 inches and 2x2 inches of 6ply and 6s cotton of warp and thick woollen yarn of 26s for the pile are used. The carpets, to thick, use traditional design and yarn dyed in vegetable colours.The well-organised and competently built and decorated houses of the tribals are built of mud and thatched with bamboo and straw. The traditional hill craftsman make the sculptural model for the bronze directly with wax for each individual bronze figure. A soft-core mixture is poured inside the hollow sheets and allowed to solidify and dry. The model is then finished before covering it with moulding materials consisting of layers of clay mixtures of different compositions. A number of metal pins hold the core and mould together. The mould and metal are healed together before pouring the melted bronze into the mould after the wax model inside has been melted and drained out of the hot mould.Deep and shallow baskets of different kinds for all domestic use, beautifully shaped and intricated woven dowry boxes and a large variety of fishing traps and cages of birds and animals are made by these people out of bamboo, cane and forest creepers, along with a variety of mats made of date and other palm leaves and grasses. A number of musical instruments are made from carved wood, bamboo, forest creepers and skin and gut of animals. All these crafts are pursued out of doors, under the cool shade of trees in summer or in the soft winter sun.
Resources
Basic Material : Cotton for warp, woollen yarn, palm leaves, grasses, cane & bamboo, wood, skin and gut of animals, mud, straw, bronze
Colouring Material : Colours, wax, vegetable dyes
Artifacts
Fishing traps, cages, musical instruments.Colourful woven aprons, knitted garments, baskets, table mats, carved wooden tables, capper jugs, hill jewellery, carpets, handbags and paintings, dowry boxes, decorative houses, bell metal & brass utensils

Indian Crafts : History of Tribal Craft Of Darjeeling