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Indian Crafts >> Sanganeri Prints
Sanganeri Prints
Indian Crafts - Sanganeri Prints
History of Sanganeri Prints

Rajasthan is the home of printed textiles. A variety of printing techniques are used - block-printing resist printing etc. Gold printing with the use of gold leaf has a long tradition. Sanganer, Jaipur, Barmer, Bagru, Jaisalmer, Chittorgarh, Palli, Udaipur and Nathdwara are the important centres for printing.
Fine Art
In the traditional Sanganeri prints of Rajasthan, the ground is in white or pastel shades with floral cones and sprays scattered with in symmetrical borders. The chhipas of Bagru produce a variety of fabrics printed in motifs of the gulab or rose, neem patti or (neem) leaf, gobi or cauliflower, mirchi or Chili, mukut (crown), dhaniya ki bel (coriander sprig or creeper). Kota was traditionally known for its blue - black saris white Ajmer (butis) (flower motifs) were market by a fine black outline Jodhpur prints were often masked by dense bands running the length of the fabric in scarlet or brick - red, orange and lemon on moss - green or indigo blue. The jarribhat sari which is the wedding dress of the local people has an interesting design worked from squares. Chittorgarh, an important erstwhile principality of the Ranas of Mewar, had a large number of printers who print fabric for ghagras with stylished Mirch buta distributed over an Indian red background.
Procedure
The printing table is covered with sand sprinkled with water which is then covered by a wet cloth. A special block with raised surface and deep grooves is dipped in liquid wax and pressed over the cloth and when it comes into contact with the cool surface, itsolidifies the wax. The whole material is next dyed in dark red colour and dipped in hot water to melt the wax. The piece presents interesting tonal effects. The local ritual saree called jarribhat has an elaborate design built up of squares against unusual background of black, red and pink.The printings are named on the basis of their practising towns.(a) Dabu textiles hand block printing - Dabu is the local name for the resist print process. Mud, resist paste is applied by hand, using wooden blocks to seal the fabric from the effect of further treatment. This type of printing is done in Bagru, Baotra and Akola mainly.(b) Bagru - Famous for its alizarine red, iron black, oval, beige the characteristics of this type of painting. Very often the ground is dyed in indigo blue, green and black. (c) Azrak paint - Traditionally the products were worn by Sindhi muslims as loongies and head gears, in the indigo blue and alizarine red colours are used.(d) Sanganer- Exclusive and fine printing is in subdued colours were patronized by royalty. It has a large export market today. Sanganer prints for royal use had a distinctive fineness. Motifs are based on flowers, which were not necessarily native.
Resources
Basic Material : Block-printing, resist printing, clay, wax, resin, madder, mud.
Colouring Material : synthetic dyes, vegetable dyes.
Equipments
wooden blocks
Artifacts
Saris, ghagras, bed-spreads, curtains, tables cloths, scarves, yardage, jarribhat sari (wedding dress) .

Indian Crafts : History of Sanganeri Prints