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Indian Crafts >> Hand-knotted Woollen Carpets
Hand-knotted Woollen Carpets
Indian Crafts - Hand-knotted Woollen Carpets
History of Hand-knotted Woollen Carpets

Rajasthan is traditional producer of fine quality hand-knotted woollen carpets. Jaipur was highly renowned for its carpets. Some of the finest samples of the old Moghal carpets are today in the city palace museum, the prized possession of the Maharaja of Jaipur.
Fine Art
The Indo-Heretic designs consist of smaller angular motifs enclosing little rosettes are manufactured. In some ,the medallions with the corners are in blue and the field between a lighter shade, while the field itself is blue or red with purplish tint.Another version of this is remarkable for the boldness of the carving stems and the soft cool harmony of the colours. A broad band for border has outlines of bold flowers alternating with long serrated leaves swinging gracefully from undulating stems.The Indo Kirman has an ivory or cream field with floral sprays, either in an overall design or with just a dainty floral centre.
Procedure
Warp (longitudinal thread) of wool form the base upon which the carpet is knotted. This is wound around the two beams of the loom. The fineness of the weave is determined by the number of warp threads. Weft of wool passes horizontally in and out of the warp threads by means of a heddle rod and shed stick. Heddle rod is attached to alternate warp threads by means of loops and its raising and lowering creates a shed for the weft threads to pass across. Shed stick separates alternate warp threads, to provide counter shed. Weft provides support for the knots, which are made by tying a yarn of wool or silk around two warp threads. Knotting and cutting with a hooked knife is done simultaneously. Knotting is generally done by women and small children as their small fingers can move easily between the narrowly spaced warp threads. After completing a row of knots, one or two weft threads are passed in and out of the warps, and then the carpet is beaten down by a heavy metal comb called panja. Generally the master weaver alone follows the design and keep calling out to rest of the weavers the colours to be used for each knot.
Resources
Basic Material : Handspun woollen yarn, wool.
Colouring Material : Natural dyes, synthetic dyes, acid dyes.
Equipments
Panja (beater), scrapper, knife, a pair of scissors, panja (metal comb), vertical loom
Artifacts
Hand - knotted woollen carpets.

Indian Crafts : History of Hand-knotted Woollen Carpets