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Indian Crafts >> Chindi Dhurries
Chindi Dhurries
History of Chindi Dhurries

History of durrie weaving goes back to ancient times, when the concept of weaving had taken shape. This item of floor furnishing was manufactured in the villages and towns both for the household consumption and selling in the local market. Large floor and tent durries in solid colors and bold red/blue stripes and borders were made in cotton warp and unspun cotton owing to the varying sizes. The durries were woven on the horizontal devices, placed on the floor. The width of the device could be changed as per the size of durrie. Chindi durrie weaving is specific to Fatehpur Sikri in Agra. This industry has emerged in Agra only about twenty-five years ago. Today this industry is a major revenue earning resource.
Fine Art
Over past few decades the chindi durries have been impressively influenced by the designers intervention and a new range of concept in terms of sizes, colors, designs and forms opened the new vistas in the export market for the chindi durries. The designs may be unicolour, multi-colour in cut shuttle technique. Earlier durries were used as floor coverings for sitting purposes in the Indian households.
Procedure
The scrap cotton fabrics or leather are picked up from Delhi and Agra markets in bulk, then are shredded into small strips on the hasia generally by women. These strips act as the wefts during weaving. Dyeing may sometimes be carried out of the cotton warp chindis. The horizontal ground loom, consisting of two wooden beams, to which the warp threads are attached is used for making chindi durries. The designs are followed on the loom as per the graph. Chindis dyed in different colours are kept in different piles. Since the chindis have a restricted length, each chindi is picked and inserted in the warp with fingers. If the same colour is repeated, another chindi is inserted. At least two/three warps have double chindi to avoid any holes in weaving. Panja is used repeatedly to set the chindis. Chindis are rotated round the warp bundle of three/four warps on the two corners at the beginning and at the end of each row. A little trimming is done here/there. These are then washed and finished.
Resources
Basic Material : Warp- cotton10s6-ply yarn; weft- chindi, scrap/leather/any fabric/viscase hoisery/jute/ hemp
Decorative Material : Colour coded design sketch.
Colouring Material : Direct dyes.
Equipments
Panja (a woollen comb with metal tines)
Artifacts
Chindi durrie

Indian Crafts : History of Chindi Dhurries