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Indian Crafts >> Cane & Bamboo Craft
Cane & Bamboo Craft
Indian Crafts - Cane & Bamboo Craft
History of Cane & Bamboo Craft

Mans oldest creation: grass mats, have been continuously used for praying, mediation as they are considered clean for religious purposes.Raffia or moonj, is a wild grass, which grows on river banks. Outer stalk is dried in sun and preserved in wood containers for users

Bamboo craft is one of the traditional crafts of Goa. It is one of the oldest crafts practiced there by Mahars, a community of Goa.

Mans oldest creation grass mats, have been continuously used for praying, meditation as they are considered clean for religious purposes. Raffia or moonj is a wild grass which grows on riverbanks.

In Arunachal Pradesh, cane and bamboo is integral to sustenance. The Adi Gallong basket is used by men to carry rice to be sold in the market place in Arunachal, while the Angami double- walled basket or kophi is given to a daughter as dowry at her wedding. These baskets are constructed by inserting a continuous weft strip into warp strip arising from a square or circular base opening out gradually into a widening mouth.

Assam being rich in raw materials has a large variety of beautiful products. The hill and the plain people, each have their own styles & designs. Apart from making baskets, cane & bamboo are also turned into furniture items, comparatively more modern innovation. In Assam the best known places for basketry and mats are Kamrup, Sibsagar and Nowgong.

Man oldest creation, grass mats, have been continuously used for praying, mediation as they are considered clean for religious purposes. Mawlong, Mustoh and Sokhymphor are the three centres known for the production of fine cane and bamboo articles.

Materials made of Cane and Bamboo are one of the very oldest of men creations, done by joining grass with grass and interlacing leaves with the minimum tools. It was considered clean for religious purposes.

Cane and Bamboo is one of the oldest of men creations done by joining grass with grass and interlacing leaves. These are essentially rural crafts intimately connected with the everyday life to meet the common needs.The bamboo craft exists almost in all the villages in the interior of Sikkim. But it is specially concentrated in Zungu, Chung thang, Rumtek areas.

Man oldest creation, grass mats, have been continuously used for praying, meditation as they are considered clean for religious purposes.The craft is spread all over the Tripura state with concentrations in kailasahar, Dharmanagar, Khowai, Sadar Soonamura, Belonia and Agartala town.
Fine Art
Basketry involves joining cane, bamboo with bamboo strips with minimum number of tools. It is done on account of high tensile strength of the cane or bamboo. Joining grass with grass with the minimum use of tools can be considered.

In the can craft, mostly furniture items are being made which has a very good local demand. The range of items produced that time and still in use in village include patlo (basket), varli (used for washing) rice and grains), suplis (for cleaning rice), mats in different sizes etc.

Cane & bamboo since ancient times have provided the raw material for basketry, mats & other, utility items including furniture. These are essentially rural crafts connected with every day needs of the people, not only for baskets, furnitures or mats but also for bags, boxes, jewellery and other decorative items. These articles are exquisite in look and marvelous in appeal. Cane & bamboo are splitted and made into fine strips by using simple tools, which are then woven intricately.

The tribesmen make the hats, which are often decorative, adorned with the beaks and feathers of birds or with tufts of hair dyed red. They also make varieties of baskets, bags and other containers. There are a wide range of cane belts, woven and plain, and in northern Subansiri, tribals even have elaborately woven brassieres of cane & fibre. The most commonly made objects are baskets for storing and carrying paddy, fuel and water, vessels for preparing local liquor, rice plates, bows and arrows, headgear, mats, shoulder bags etc. Ornaments and necklaces made of fine strips and grass are also popular. Burnt poker work is also executed on bamboo articles.

Bamboo stems or culms of smaller diameters along with cane are used in whole or split form for a variety of baskets, furniture, winnowing trays, hand fans, head gear, fish traps, umbrellas and floor mats. The hollow inter-nodes of bamboo make ideal beer-mugs, hukkas, pipes and musical instruments.

The products are mostly of two types, articles required for day to day use and of medium quality more suited to local requirements and articles of finer quality both decorative and functional. Articles such as baskets (khok) mats, moorahs, and khasi umbrellas (kurup) are made in light and medium qualities.

Mizo houses are generally built with bamboo walls and floors and thatched roofs. Fine cane hats and beautiful baskets are unique. A typical Mizo basket is broad at the rim and tapers at the bottom. These baskets are for carrying firewood, water, paddy, rice and vegetables. Baskets made of cane and bamboo together with leaves and grass, for storing, ornaments, clothes. Chairs, tables, sofas, bamboo screens and cages, umbrella-handle, knitting needles and hats are also made.

Bamboo stems or culms of smaller diameters along with cane are used in whole or split form, for a variety of baskets, furniture, tray, hand fans, floor mats etc.

The articles made include mats, table lamps, bags, moorahs, fruit baskets and vases. The other special items are bamboo screens, lamp stands and table mats.Screens made from spilt bamboo are so finely worked that they acquire an ivory look.These are delicately ornamented with colored bamboo chips applique.
Procedure
The whole stem of cane and bamboo is cut with a hacksaw and split longitudinally into various sizes by a billhook. The cane is heated on a slow fire, generally with a kerosene lamp for flexibility. The objects can be made in two different forms: coiling for baskets; and weaving for mats. In coiled basketry, foundation of the basket is built first by coiling a cane round a central core. It is built up spirally and gradually the width is increased until desired height is attained. The coils are joined together by sewing strips which can be attached in two ways: each stitch passed over the new portion of the foundation coil. Figure of eight is made i.e., the stitch passes behind up, over and under the preceding coil and right over the new coil. Thus coil material is sewn with the strips and a basket is made. The ornamentation of the baskets can be done with attaining lace, paper and shells.

The craftsmen cut the bamboo into sizes of desired length with the help of cutting tools called Dao. Bamboo length cut as per thickness with the help of different kinds of knives. The material thus ready is used for making frame of an article or furniture where as pencil cane is used for designing and binding purpose. The thick cane is used for making frame of an article or furniture where as pencil cane is used for designing and binding purpose. The cane is bend in the desired shape for a furniture or article by process of heating with blow lamp. The ends are joined with adhesive and nail and the joints are binded with strips of pencil cane. The items produced in cane & bamboo are cleaned with sand-paper and polished with varnish.

The whole stem of cane and bamboo is cut with a hacksaw and split longitudinally into various sizes by a bill hook The cane is heated on a slow fire, generally with a kerosene lamp for flexibility. The objects can be made in two different forms: coiling for baskets; and weaving for mats. In coiled basketry, foundation of the basket is built first by coiling a cane round a central core. It is built up spirally and gradually the width is increased until desired height is attained. The coils are joined together by sewing strips which can be attached in two way each stitch passes behind up, over and under the preceding coil and right over the new coil. Thus coil material is sewn with the strips and basket is made. The ornamentation of the baskets can be done with lace, paper and shells.

The whole stem of cane and bamboo is cut with a hacksaw and split longitudinally into various sizes by a bill hook. The cane is heated on a slow fire, generally with a kerosene lamp for flexibility. The objects can be made in two different forms coiling for baskets; and weaving for mats. In coiled basketry, foundation of the basket is built first by coiling a cane round a central care. It is built up spirally and gradually the width is increased until desired height is attained. The coils are joined together by sewing strips which can be attached in two ways by each stitch passing over the new portion of the foundation coil. Figure of light is made i.e. the stitch passes behind up, over and under the proceeding coil and right over the new coil. Thus coil material is sewn with the strips and basket is made. The ornamentation of the baskets can be done with attaining lace, paper and shells.

The whole stem of cane & bamboo is cut with a hacksaw and split longitudinally into various sizes by a bill-hook. The cane is heated on a slow fire with a kerosene lamp for flexibility. The objects can be made in different forms. Korahi (tray) is made in the twill technique in which the weft stands at a time, producing a diaper design. Their use ranges from rearing silk worms to winnowing grain. Then a number of measures are made in conical shapes. Large set of fishing contraptions are prepared of bamboo and cane, with a distinct shape. For making Japis, a spiked circle, is made with two bamboo strips, one inside the other, interspersed with a number of motifs like the cross crescent stars, and small circle with circles of butterfly like designs with a face in the centre against a bright red background.

The production of cane and bamboo articles involves the cutting of whole stems with a hacksaw and split longitudinally into various size using a bill hook or dao. The cane is heated on a slow fire with a kerosene lamp for flexibility. The weaving process is done by hand, using water to soften the splits.

The whole stem of cane & bamboo is cut longitudinally into various size by a bill hook. The cane is heated on a slow fire with a kerosene lamp for flexibility. The objects can be made in different forms.

The production of cane and bamboo articles involves the cutting of whole stems with a hack saw and slicing them into splits of various sizes using a bill hook or dao. Slicing is done longitudinally along the length of the densely packed fibres and a fairly smooth operation, requiring only the requisite amount of moisture in the culm. A kerosene lamp is used to heat the cane before it can be bent into shape.

The whole stein of cane & bamboo is cut with a hacksaw and spilt longitudinally into various size by a bil hook. The cane is heated on a slow fire, with a kerosene lamp for flexibility. The objects can be made in different forms. The weaving process is done by hand, using water to soften the splits.
Resources
Basic Material : Cane, bamboo, reeds, moonj (grass), aloe fibre.
Decorative Material : Lace, papers, shells, fabric.
Colouring Material : Natural colours.

Basic Material : Bamboo, cane, dao

Basic Material : Cane, bamboo, reeds, moonj , grass, lace, papers, fabric, colour, dao , bill hook, hacksaw, kerosene lamp, mallet, mat loom

Basic Material : bamboo, cane, grass (moonj) reeds, palm leaves
Decorative Material : Papers, shells, fabrics, colours

Basic Material : Bamboo, cane, moonj (grass) reed, palm leaves
Colouring Material : Paper, shells, fabrics, colours

Basic Material : Cane, Bamboo, reeds, moonj (grears), also fibre

Basic Material : Cane, bamboo, grass, leaves, papers, hacksaw, bill hook, kerosene lamp, mat loom.

Basic Material : Bamboo, Cane, grass
Decorative Material : reed, papers, shells, fabrics, colours

Basic Material : Bamboo, cane, moonj (grass), reeds, palm leaves.
Decorative Material : fabrics, colors.
Equipments
Dao (bill hook), hacksaw, kerosene lamp, mallet

knife



dao (bill hook), hacksaw, kerosene lamp, mallet, mat loom.

dao (bill-hook), hacksaw, kerosene lamp, mallet, mat loom

dao (bill hook), hacksaw, kerosene lamp, mallet, mat loom



hacksaw, bill hook, kerosene lamp

Dao (bill hook), hacksaw, kerosene lamp, mallet, mat loom.
Artifacts
Chairs, mats for covering floors, door mats, house-hold accessories- boxes, baskets, pot holder, dustbins, lampshades, fruit trays, willow baskets, glass holders, shopping bag, vases, wall- decoration, children furniture

flower basket pots, letter holders, pen stands, fans, decorative fish, frames

baskets, bags, boxes, mats, lampshades, fruit trays, vases etc.

baskets, bags, containers, cane belts, woven brassieres of cane & fibre, baskets for storing and carrying paddy, fuel and water, vessels for preparing local liquor, rice plates, bows and arrows, headgear, mats, shoulder bags, ornaments and necklaces, fishtraps

chalani , sieve, kula , winnowing fan, khorahi , small baskets, dukula big basket, doon and dhol, measuring baskets, fishing traps, bamboo walking sticks, bows and arrows, japis , hats woven into colourful design & motifs, Jaki

Khok (basket, mats), moorahs, kurup (khari umbrellas), winnowing, trays, hand fans, head gear, fish traps, umbrellas.

mizo house, baskets, chairs, tables, sofas, bamboo screens and cages, umbrella handles, knitting needles and hats.

baskets, chairs, tables, bamboo, walking sticks and tray, hand fans, floor mats.

mats, table lamps, bags, moorahs, fruit baskets, vases, bamboo screens, lamp stands, table mats.

Indian Crafts : History of Cane & Bamboo Craft